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Eye Allergies And How The Body Reacts To Them

The most common notion about having allergies is that they would occur mainly in the skin, or break out in some other form, like having indigestion or something equally unpleasant.

But one thing that is often overlooked is the human eye, since it too contracts allergic reactions quite easily. There are often symptoms that can let you know that you’re having an allergic reaction to a substance, identifying whether it’s from an allergy or something else that’s causing your eye irritation.

Signs Of Trouble In Your Eyes

When your eyes are exposed to allergy-causing substances, a substance called histamine is released by your body. The blood vessels in the conjunctiva become swollen. The eyes can become red, itchy, and teary very quickly. The pollens that cause symptoms vary from person to person and from area to area

A lot of common symptoms can be associated with multiple diseases. Itchiness in the eyes, redness, swelling, a burning sensation, it can all possibly be part of some other disease.

Another common sign is known as pink eye, which has the entire clear membrane of the white of your eyes going pink, and possibly getting itchy as well. You can find out the source of the irritation if it’s from a viral, bacterial, or allergic source.

If it only affects one eye, then the most likely cause is viral. A bacterial source of pink eye will also show because there is often a discharge coming out of the eye. However, if it’s not exclusively the eye that’s affected, then the source will most likely be allergic in nature.

The doctor will most likely rule out all other possibilities once he or she finds out about the exact circumstances of the irritation.

Sources Of Eye Allergies

The eye, although protected from the outside by its lubrication, can still sometimes come into contact with possible allergens. The usual culprits in eye allergies include pollen, which occurs during the spring and summer months at its peak.

An unpleasant reaction to chemicals that enter your eye such as medication with side effects or eye drops can also cause an allergic reaction. Also quite common is having allergies associated with pets, so be sure to check these sources.

What you can do

Of course, being an allergic reaction, the best thing that you can do to avoid having an unpleasant reaction to your allergen is to avoid it. You’ll have to make sure that you keep your surroundings clean from most airborne allergens, like vacuuming regularly around your house to keep dust, pollen, and pet hair from getting airborne and into your eyes.

But still, you can’t avoid being exposed to other environments, so if you’re allergic to airborne particles, you’ll have to check with your doctor to see if you can benefit from using over the counter medicines that you can carry around.

These can possibly alleviate the symptoms you have through their active ingredients. You can also probably find products that have antihistamines in them, lessening the allergic reaction and calming down things a bit when symptoms manifest themselves as swelling and redness.

A direct application to the symptom site will have a faster reaction time than if you were to take the medicine in oral form like capsules or tablets.

However, consult your doctor on the effects of prolonged use of your medicinal treatments, as your eyes might become dependent on your medication. You don’t want to have your blood vessels being dependent on eye drops to become small again when they swell up during an allergy attack.

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